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Sold (#216) approx. 305x205cm Hand knotted IND Bijar Persian rug - fish pattern Mahi Bijar
Province: IND. Bijar
Knot density: approx. 70.000 knots/sqm
Condition: Very good condition, freshly washed (see photos)
Pattern: fish pattern (mahi) with medallion
Material: new wool on cotton (warp made of cotton)
Bijar (also Bidjar, Persian بيجار Bijār)
is a city in the Iranian province of Kordestan. In 2006 it had about 46.156 inhabitants. Due to its location at 1920 m altitude, Bijar is also called the roof of Iran. The city lies on an ancient trade route from Hamadan to Tabriz.
Most residents of Bijar are Kurds. Bidjar is internationally known for its elegant and antique carpets (→ Persian carpets) and textiles. The word Bijar could be a variant of the Kurdish word Bajar/Badshar for city and the full name of the city is Bijar-e Garrus. Other alleged derivations of the name Bijar include Bid-zar (land of pastures), which is linguistically unusual.
Bijar and its surroundings are a center of carpet production. Bidjar carpets enjoy a special reputation due to their fine and very robust texture. They are particularly resistant because the weft threads are moistened and hammered with an iron comb.
Since this is very strenuous, Bidjar carpets are often knotted by men. The warp and weft are made of cotton, the fleece is made of wool and the fine examples are made of cork wool. The Turkish knot is used. They are usually not made in factories, but at home according to the individual ideas of the weaver. This makes them lively and expressive.
Characteristic is the use of a version of the Herati motif containing a small rosette within a rhombus. This basic motif often also runs through the central medallion (with the characteristic sharp outline), but in this case changes color.
Other versions of Bijar rugs use floral designs, including a large eight-petalled rosette. Red and blue tones predominate. The best Bijar carpets are not knotted by the Kurds, but by the descendants of the Afşar, in the village of Tekab, about 50 km west of Bijar.
“Errors and mistakes excepted”
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